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Garnet

They say the garnet is the stone of patience and perseverance, vitality and courage. In Christian legends it is the stone of the Holy Grail. In Indian mythology the mineral is gifted with the Fire of Kundalini - the fire of eternal renewal. It is the sacred stone for Buddhism, cleaning the soul and bestowing wisdom.

garnet gems

Garnets can be translucent to transparent and sometimes opaque glass or with resinous luster. They are actually one of the largest gem family. There is a very wide variety of formations, colors and clarity. Most natural garnets are a mixture of two or more varieties.

There are six most common varieties depending on the chemical composition of the mineral:

Pyrope

This is of the most common, the most typical of the family and the oldest known by people. Its color is dark-red with blood glow, sometimes with purple-brown shade. The name comes from the Greek word "piropos" - flaming. The most famous are Czech garnets or also called Bohemian garnets mined in Czech for centuries.

pyrope

Almandine

almandine

This is another common variety of garnet and the hardest one. Its color can be cherry, violet, raspberry and brown-red. Very rare are almost black stones. On the market it is valued higher than pyrope but in fact it is very difficult to distinguish almandine from the other red garnet varieties. It could be easily confused with ruby.

Spessartine

It is beautiful but very rare stone. The color is honey-yellow to orange-brown. Usually the crystals are imperfect and have a lot of natural cracks. Stones over 5 carats are considered unique

spessartine

Andradite

It is a mineral group that has different shades. Andradite is represented by several varieties: demantoid, topazolite and melanite.

Demantoid

demantoid

Actually andradite became famous after the discovery of its variety demantoid. It is transparent crystal with bright green color. It seems similar to diamond where its name comes from – meaning “diamond like”. This is probably the most valuable mineral of the garnet group. Demantoid could be confused with chrysolite or green tourmaline.

Topazolite is the lemon-yellow or pinkish-yellow variety of andradite. It is similar to topaz, where the stone got its name from. It is found in Switzerland and in the Italian Alps. Usually it is in the form of small crystals and rarely is of high enough quality to cut polished gem. Generally it is valued by mineral collectors.

Topazolite

Topazolite

Melanite

Melanite

Melanite is a dark, almost black variety of garnet, which contains titanium. Its name comes from the Greek word “melos” which means “black”. It is very rare mineral, some field is marked in Germany, USA and Russia. It is used as jewelry and due to its color sometimes as mourning jewelry.

Grossular

Grossular garnets can be light green, yellow, copper-brown or brownish. In its pure form grossular is colorless but the inclusions of different elements create a wide range of colors. The most common color is green and is caused by chromium and vanadium in the structure.

Grossular

Not so far ago the mineral was known only to specialists. It was brought on the world market by Tiffany and co. in the in the seventies of the last century. The green grossular is known also as tsavorit named in honor of National Park "Tsavo" in Kenya . It is very rare in nature, the crystals found ar usually small, up to one carat. The orange-brown variety is known as hezonit or cinnamon stone.

Uvarovite

Uvarovite

It is a very rare variety of grass-green or emerald green garnet. Sometimes it is called Ural emerald where it was firstly found. Usually occurs in the form of small or very small crystals. Large stones are extremely rare. The mineral specimens are very beautiful which makes them high valued for collectors. Usually is inserted into rings, brooches and bracelets.

Preservance

In general garnet is a stone which can be bought at reasonable price. It is suitable for all kind of jewelry - rings, pendants, earrings, bracelets and necklaces. As all precious stones it should be kept in a way which prevents damages.

garnets

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