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Onyx

They call onyx "The stone of the leaders" which contributes to the high goals and victory.

onyx many stones

It is believed that the mineral was discovered by King Solomon himself - the wise and legendary ruler of ancient times. Building his temple he decided that the roof will be of gold, the walls - of precious metals, precious wood and the odd marble. There were no windows in the temple but the light penetrated in it. How? There was a strange marble transmitting the light ... And it was onyx.

onyx cabochons
onyx many stones

Since this stone stands out for its natural beauty it is most often used to create jewelry that had been popular among many people from across the world. But it has been used for centuries also in architecture for creating reliefs, mosaics, paintings and decorative items for interior decoration. This stone is also used as an excellent building material.

onyx heart shape

The mineral is belt-banded variety of agate. There are different varieties like agate onyx - white and black layers, carnelian onyx - red and white layers and chalcedony onyx - white and grey layers. The most common is considered onyx with a band of brown, yellow-brown and white. The onyx of brownish or red color with a white or beige lace is known as sardonyx.

Sardonyx

sardonyx pyramid

The name "sardonyx" comes from the Greek word sardolith - stone of Sardis. The Color of the minerals is dark with white, pink, and brownish stripes. It has silky glass glitter. In ancient sardonyx was divided into male and female stones. Women were considered minerals with a soft, lighter shade. Male were called minerals with a darker shade and sharp tint.

sardonyx cabochon
sardonyx cabochon

Sardonyx quite easily could be confused with agate. It is important to pay attention to the nature of banded inclusions in the mineral. Unlike in agate its bands are wider and straight. Color of the bands also differs: in agate color of the stripes is more moderate and mild, while sardonyx colors are contrasting and very different.

The stone is best known for the fact that it is often used for cutting, carving out a strange and wonderful cameos and gems. One of the most famous cameo is Gonzaga Cameo, which cut companion portrait of Ptolemy II and his wife Arsinoe.

sardonyx cameo

Sardonyx has always been loved and in demand. Although not always considered precious, expensive stone in the hands of carvers it became such. The stone turns to images of the gods in the gems i,n sophisticated coats of arms, in ring-seal. In jewelry as cabochons, beads, bracelets its beauty is different - it is natural, just barely touched by human hand, conveying a sense of the primordial fire.

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