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Peridot

This gem has three names - peridot, chrysolite – which means "golden stone" in Greek, and olivine. In fact peridot is the precious variety of the mineral olivine and olivine is mineralogical name of the stone. Its name comes from the Greek word «peridona» and means "to give an abundance." It is also assumed that the name peridot probably derived from the Arabic word "Farid" (faridat), meaning "precious stone."

peridot oval cut
peridot round cut

The stone has sparkling green colour. Occurs also in lemon, yellow-green, olive green, and darker shades of green. Very often the stone in prevailing golden yellow shade is called chrysolite. Some specimens are dark green in dim light, for which they are called “Evening'' emeralds. In most cases, peridot is transparent, with some inclusions. large specimens are not common. There is also a rare white variety know as boltonit. The most valuable is bright green peridot. Shifting the shade to brown reduces the price of the stone.

peridot gems

Tampered peridot is not common. Still sometimes treatment is applied in order to improve the quality of the gem but the result is not permanent. Benign peridot crystals are hard to find, but in 1994 a very good source is found in Pakistan, hence the stones mined there are the best found so far. To emphasize the excellence of the peridot from Pakistan, the stones were called "Kashmir peridot" reminiscent of fine Kashmiri sapphires.

The most amazing about this stone is the fact that it exists not only on our planet. Special research probes repeatedly brought olivine crystals obtained on the Moon and it is sometimes found in meteorites arriving to the Earth. In Russia for example there is a gem cut from material found in meteorite that fell in eastern Siberia in 1749. Another version of the name "golden stone" or "Stone from the Sun" is based on the fact that peridot was discovered in meteorites that the ancient Egyptians have recognized as fallen from heaven.

Storage and Cleaninng

As with all gems storage is associated with protection from scratches and swipe. It is also advisable to avoid sudden temperature changes. Do not clean in ultrasonic baths. Peridot isn’t resistant to acids and their use should be avoided when cleaning jewelry with this gemstone.

peridot bracelet

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