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Turquoise

The ancients believed that turquoise brings good luck in love as it was formed from the bones of those who died of ... love.

turquoise beads

The name comes from ancient Persia - translated from the Persian word "pirouzeh”  which means “victory”. The name means the same in Arabic where it was called "firouzeh.  The English name “turquoise” is derived from “Turquie”,  the French word for Turkey and indicates how the mineral reached Europe from Persia via Turkey.

turquoise rough
turquoise specimen

Turquoise has a long history as a popular and highly prized stone. It was and remains today one of the best ornamental stones. Its deposits are numerous but their reserves are generally small. That’s why the extraction of natural turquoise is rather expensive as well as the naturals specimens themselves.

turquoise beads1
turquoise beads 2

Conditionally there are three types of turquoise - blue, green and white. But actually the color may vary from white, whitish-blue, apple-green, greenish-brown, and blue, with black, white or yellowish-brown veins. It may be even completely opaque or vice versa - almost translucent.

White turquoise is a young, not yet fully formed mineral.

Natural green turquoise has a light apple shade dirty brown-green tint. If you see a bright green turquoise be sure that this is imitation – the stone has no such color in nature.  The natural green turquoise has the color of the sea waves.

The blue turquoise is most used in jewelry. Most expensive are rarely met is transparent blue stones. But the presence of black and brown veins, and yellow-green hue cheapens it several times.

turquoise oval cabochons
turquoise oval cabochon

The use of turquoise as jewelry has spread in VI millennium BC. e. Products with turquoise have been found in excavations in Central America, Egypt and Central Asia. The Egyptians scarab beetle carved from turquoise has been considered a strong amulet. The Aztecs made ​​of this stone ritual masks for the Chiefs. And from the XV century nearly every noble European wore a ring decorated with turquoise. Interestingly, the fashion for women's jewelry with this mineral has arisen only in the XVIII century.

turquoise scarab

Turquoise is met in nature quite often but usually is not suitable for making jewelry, ornaments. That’s why often right off the mines it is improved and ennobled. But still it is natural. In jewelry turquoise is commonly used as a cabochon or irregular inserts. Traditional (but not the only permissible) frame for the mineral is silver. The stone is often combined with coral and pearls.

turquoise beads

Imitations of natural turquoise can be made of glass, porcelain, low-quality lapis lazuli, alabaster synthetic analogues. Currently synthetic turquoise is widespread. It is quite similar in structure to the natural and imitations and takes 80% of the market share.

On imitation may indicate abnormally large size of the stone. In nature, turquoise is usually found in the form of small formations. Synthetic turquoise It s also easy to distinguish synthetic turquoise from natural stone by heating - a fake immediately begins to melt and emit a foul odor. Synthetic stone often has too bright and uniform color.

How to take care of your turquoise

turquoise necklace

Turquoise is sensitive to different chemicals: solvents, perfumes and other cosmetics. There are not appropriate and most cleaning jewelry chemicals and ultrasound cleaning. Prolonged exposure to sunlight will dehydrate the stone and change its color. The color can also be changed by many of above mentioned chemicals.

Turquoise jewelry should not be worn when going to the beach and the use of cosmetics and perfuming should be done prior to placing the piece. After use, clean the stone with a soft cloth and keep the jewel in a separate bag or box.

turquoise ring

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